Corn is an important food crop and a global alternative to wheat and rice as a source of carbohydrates. Corn is a staple crop in many parts of the world and can be processed into food ingredients such as corn oil and cornstarch, bioenergy and cosmetic ingredients, as well as animal feed.
In the R&D area of Agrinoze’s Precision Farming (Southeast Asia) two corn varieties were planted, namely variety Pioneer P21 Bison (Dupont) and variety Sumo (Syngenta). The planting of these two corn varieties was carried out using Agrinoze’s precision farming system, an irrigation & fertigation system that uses soil sensors and a proven algorithm for real-time plant and soil analysis in order to grow in any soil type and in any conditions.
Method and Results
Corn seeds were planted 20 cm apart with spacing of 20 cm between rows, a denser protocol than conventional spacing in Southeast Asia (70–75 cm x 20 cm).
The corn was harvested 98 days after planting and the cobs were separated by variety and weighted. The documented yield results were as follows:
- Pioneer single cycle yield: 22.05 t/ha (351.5 bu/ac)
- Pioneer annual yield (3 cycles): 66.15 t/ha (1,054.4 bu/ac)
- Sumo single cycle yield: 14.06 t/ha (224.1 bu/ac)
- Sumo annual yield (3 cycles): 42.18 t/ha (672.3 bu/ac)
The average yield in the region is about 5.25 tons per hectare, and some farmers are able to generate up to 7.5 tons per hectare. Compared to the region’s average, the LTI system was able to increase the yield by 320%.